Music Technology Educators’ Use of Andragogical Principles for Adult Students Using Technology for Learning

May 1, 2020


This pilot study investigated andragogical principles adopted by music technology educators working with non-traditional students (NTM’s) using technology. Andragogical methodologies respect the prior lived experience of adults and establish a collaborative relationship between teacher and student. A modified, 51-question Principles of Adult Learning Scale (PALS) survey was administered online to music educators (N = 53). Respondents were organized into two groups including higher education (n = 41) and Other (online, K-12, and community educators, n = 12). Results showed that there were significant differences among university educators on 16 out of the 51 PALS questions and significant differences between the university educator group and the Other group on four out of the 51 PALS questions. PALS data revealed that there was a relationship between the andragogical concepts adopted by music technology educators and increased use of technology by adult learners. Implications for music technology and adult learning are discussed along with recommendations for future research.   


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2254 Last modified on March 9, 2021