The difficulties encountered by administrators of music programs faced with the need for fair and equitable load distribution among staff members are unique. No other discipline offers the variety of instructional situations: individual and group applied instruction; straight lecture (as in music history); lecture with studio (as in music theory); methods courses and student teaching; large and small ensembles; coaching for chamber music or solo recital; master classes; workshops; thesis advisement; etc. No other discipline demands such a variety of professional activities beyond teaching: research; performance; composition; committee assignments; professional memberships; etc. No other discipline has so many problems in establishing a single criterion for determining normal faculty load: credit hours; contact or clock hours; number of students handled. Furthermore, it is quite common that an individual staff member will be assigned several different responsibilities and instructional situations within his load in one and the same semester.

The College Music Society, through its Committee on Faculty Workloads, has been interested in the problem for several years, desirous of surveying exactly what is happening in the field, and hopeful of establishing reasonable criteria as a point of reference for administrators and faculty in assigning workloads. A step in that direction has been taken through the statistical surveys conducted by the National Association of Schools of Music. The latest of these, compiled by Robby D. Gunstream, is herein printed.

NASM's approach, as Mr. Gunstream explains in his introduction, is to separate the components of a teaching load into several "duties," to ask specific questions regarding each duty (the questions are carefully enumerated by Mr. Gunstream), and to pose the question: what would a full-time load be if a faculty member were to perform only one of these duties in a given semester? The results, of necessity, are only hypothetical, telling us not "what is," but "what would be if." Nonetheless, the reader can draw several tentative conclusions from the study, among them the following:

  1. For lecture courses, loads would generally appear to be somewhat heavier as the number of majors decreases.
  2. For ensembles, loads would generally appear to be somewhat heavier as the number of majors increases.
  3. Credit hours and contact hours would appear to be high for applied instruction.
  4. No consistent differences seem to occur between private and public institutions in ensemble direction, though significant variation can be found between individual items in several categories.
  5. By and large, loads for applied instruction appear to be significantly heavier in public institutions, at least in terms of credit hours and students handled; on the other hand, there seems to be little significant variation in terms of contact hours.
  6. Student advisement also would appear to be higher in public institutions when reckoned in credit or contact hours.
  7. No formal load recognition for faculty solo recitals would appear to be available in private institutions; indeed, only the larger public institutions offer significant recognition in this area.
  8. In the supervision of student teaching, private institutions would appear to carry the heavier loads in terms of credit hours, public institutions in terms of contact hours.
  9. In thesis advisement, the loads in public institutions would appear to be far heavier.

As is clear, Mr. Gunstream's survey provides much useful data, though important information yet remains to be gathered and interpreted. For example, how many of Mr. Gunstream's hypothetical "duties" actually provide the basis for determining a faculty load? How much do significant differences in load assignment (see, for example, the statistics under Thesis Advisement) reflect student enrollment patterns? Finally, and perhaps most significant, what happens to a faculty load when duties are mixed?

 

N.A.S.M. SURVEY

The National Association of Schools of Music began its study of faculty teaching loads in 1969. At that time four generic concerns were addressed and the results were published in the 1969-70 edition of Music in Higher Education, the annual statistical report. This generated interest in the subject and by 1972 a system had been developed for the study of twelve duties most often considered as faculty responsibilities.

The purpose of the initial research was to determine national averages for full-time teaching loads. It was decided that the most accurate way to determine these figures would be to solicit each institution's response to a hypothetical case. The format of the study was based on the following questions for each specific faculty duty:

  1. Is this a required faculty duty?
  2. Is credit toward a full-time teaching load granted for the performance of this duty?
  3. If credit is granted, what method is used: credit hours, clock hours weekly, or number of students?
  4. If a faculty member were to perform only this duty, what would be the number of units cited in response to question three that would constitute a full-time teaching load?

The resulting national averages for all reporting institutions reveal the hypothetical full-time teaching load for each specific duty listed.

 

Reading the Faculty Teaching Loads Chart

Institutions were categorized by type of support, public or private, and further subdivided by size of music major enrollment.

Column one indicates the number of institutions reporting in each category.

Column two reveals the number of institutions reporting that this faculty duty is a required faculty responsibility.

Columns three through six indicate the credit granting policy of reporting institutions. Column three indicates the number of institutions at which the duty is required but for which no credit toward a full-time teaching load is granted. Columns four through six indicate the average number of credit hours, clock hours, and, where applicable, number of students receiving one hour of faculty time per week which would constitute a full-time teaching load if faculty members performed only that specific duty.

The National Association of Schools of Music welcomes inquiries concerning this and other statistical studies.

 

CLASS LECTURE (SINGLE SECTION)

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 69 1 14.0 13.8
51-100   59 58 0 12.6 13.6
101-200   45 45 0 12.9 14.0
201 +   39 39 0 12.5 11.4
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 40 0 13.2 14.0
101-200   65 65 0 12.9 12.7
201-400   58 58 0 12.2 13.5
401 +   47 47 0 12.1 11.8




CLASS LECTURE (MULTIPLE SECTIONS)

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 48 1 13.6 13.2
51-100   59 51 2 13.3 14.1
101-200   45 41 0 13.4 14.5
201 +   39 37 0 12.8 13.0
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 33 0 13.6 14.9
101-200   65 56 0 13.1 13.0
201-400   58 53 0 12.3 13.8
401 +   47 47 0 12.3 12.2




CONDUCTING LARGE ENSEMBLE

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 61 0 9.9 19.1
51-100   59 57 3 11.3 16.7
101-200   45 41 0 11.1 15.3
201 +   39 36 1 11.6 15.3
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 39 2 11.6 14.9
101-200   65 65 0 11.4 15.8
201-400   58 58 0 12.4 15.0
401 +   47 47 0 10.2 15.5




FACULTY RESEARCH PROJECTS

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 56 46 9.0 20.3
51-100   59 51 45 12.5 0.0
101-200   45 44 33 14.0 31.6
201 +   39 38 31 0.0 19.3
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 39 32 0.0 34.0
101-200   65 60 51 13.0 27.0
201-400   58 54 43 12.0 27.6
401 +   47 46 31 12.0 31.3




ADMINISTRATIVE ASSIGNMENTS

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 55 30 9.4 31.3
51-100   59 53 28 0.0 33.4
101-200   45 39 23 11.0 29.9
201 +   39 37 14 11.5 30.1
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 34 21 12.0 33.4
101-200   65 54 36 10.7 36.3
201-400   58 54 24 12.0 35.0
401 +   47 45 38 11.6 40.9




COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 63 56 9.0 0.0
51-100   59 55 55 0.0 0.0
101-200   45 43 23 11.0 29.9
201 +   39 37 14 11.5 30.1
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 38 35 0.0 40.0
101-200   65 63 55 11.8 40.0
201-400   58 55 50 13.5 26.0
401 +   47 45 35 11.0 37.0




COACHING SMALL ENSEMBLE

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 59 21 10.6 21.6
51-100   59 50 16 10.6 17.7
101-200   45 39 9 12.3 21.8
201 +   39 34 2 13.5 19.0
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 37 9 13.2 18.8
101-200   65 59 4 14.3 19.3
201-400   58 55 5 12.9 17.4
401 +   47 46 3 14.2 19.0




PRIVATE OR SMALL GROUP PERFORMANCE INSTRUCTION

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)

No. of
Students
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 67 4 25.2 21.6 21.8
51-100   59 58 2 19.8 20.0 19.5
101-200   45 43 1 16.0 21.9 12.7
201 +   39 39 2 15.0 19.8 11.0
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 38 2 30.5 19.3 24.4
101-200   65 59 1 23.6 21.7 20.6
201-400   58 57 1 20.0 19.1 28.2
401 +   47 47 0 30.7 19.7 14.8




PREPARING STUDENT FOR SOLO RECITAL

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 48 8 11.7 18.1
51-100   59 43 4 14.6 17.0
101-200   45 34 2 12.6 18.3
201 +   39 33 0 13.1 16.7
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 34 3 13.4 17.7
101-200   65 56 3 14.8 17.7
201-400   58 57 3 12.1 17.7
401 +   47 45 2 12.5 17.4




STUDENT ADVISEMENT

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)

No. of
Students
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 50 29 10.0 18.5 0.0
51-100   59 33 26 12.0 18.0 0.0
101-200   45 36 25 11.0 26.3 38.3
201 +   39 35 25 0.0 14.0 24.7
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 24 14 12.0 23.3 0.0
101-200   65 56 35 13.5 21.8 23.8
201-400   58 52 28 0.0 26.6 31.4
401 +   47 46 23 13.5 26.5 0.0




FACULTY SOLO RECITAL PREPARATION

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 43 37 0.0 40.0
51-100   59 22 22 0.0 0.0
101-200   45 34 29 0.0 31.5
201 +   39 24 21 0.0 18.0
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 28 24 0.0 34.7
101-200   65 59 53 0.0 25.3
201-400   58 49 40 10.3 38.0
401 +   47 46 28 12.5 32.9




FACULTY ENSEMBLE PERFORMANCE PREPARATION

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 48 39 0.0 20.7
51-100   59 45 39 12.5 0.0
101-200   45 39 30 12.0 33.1
201 +   39 34 25 12.0 26.7
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 36 27 0.0 29.9
101-200   65 57 43 18.0 30.8
201-400   58 56 31 12.0 25.7
401 +   47 43 19 12.0 27.4




CLASS PERFORMANCE INSTRUCTION

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)

No. of
Students
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 64 53 9.0 19.0 0.0
51-100   59 56 46 15.7 0.0 0.0
101-200   45 43 36 18.0 23.6 0.0
201 +   39 39 31 0.0 25.4 0.0
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 39 32 12.0 23.3 0.0
101-200   65 63 50 25.5 20.1 0.0
201-400   58 56 40 20.7 20.2 34.8
401 +   47 45 31 13.5 24.7 0.0




SUPERVISION OF STUDENT TEACHING

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)

No. of
Students
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 51 24 12.4 24.0 19.1
51-100   59 50 11 8.7 26.6 27.8
101-200   45 39 5 24.0 27.8 24.5
201 +   39 35 2 14.5 21.6 23.3
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 26 6 0.0 18.3 17.5
101-200   65 52 11 11.6 26.0 21.8
201-400   58 51 4 12.7 24.2 24.3
401 +   47 39 2 12.8 26.3 25.0




THESIS ADVISEMENT AND INDIVIDUAL PROJECTS

      Credit Granting Policy

No. Music
Majors

No.
Rptg.

No. Rptg.
Applicable

No Credit
Granted
Credit
Hours
(Avg.)
Clock
Hours
(Avg.)

No. of
Students
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
1 - 50   69 63 55 0.0 14.0 0.0
51-100   59 56 50 10.0 0.0 40.0
101-200   45 44 40 0.0 28.0 26.7
201 +   39 32 32 0.0 0.0 0.0
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
1 - 100   40 38 34 0.0 40.0 26.7
101-200   65 62 54 15.0 40.0 0.0
201-400   58 56 48 12.0 40.0 0.0
401 +   47 41 27 15.0 30.3 0.0
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Last modified on Monday, 12/11/2018

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