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Volume 21

The publication of Frances Trollope's Domestic Manners of the Americans (London, 1832) provoked a storm of angry reactions in the United States. Journalists, artists, and popular-music composers alike denounced her criticisms of American life and attempted, whenever possible, to undermine her credibility. Perhaps one of the sharpest rebuttals, one that…
During recent years musicians have been making outstanding contributions to educational and creative computing. Computers are now being used for musical sound synthesis and composition, musical analysis, automated music printing, information storage and retrieval, and computer-based musical instruction. The earliest efforts for most of these applications, including computer-assisted instruction (CAI),…
Karl Friedrich Zelter was born on December 11, 1758, the son of a Berlin mason. He was apprenticed to his father's trade and became a master mason in 1783. He also studied music, including lessons on the organ and violin. Among his earliest compositions was a cantata performed at the…
First a few words about the old approach to species counterpoint. Johann Joseph Fux intended his book to be a composition model, a do-it-yourself item for composers writing music for the Catholic church. Such liturgical music was written in the official style, which answered to the name of Palestrina although,…
In 1974 the University of Delaware began to develop a package of ear training programs called GUIDO (Graded Units for Interactive Dictation Operations). The two-year ear training curriculum has been organized into a competency-based format including intervals, melodies, chords, harmonies, and rhythms. Students spend an average of two hours each…
I The concern for taste is as old as the problem of aesthetics itself. Aesthetics, one of the major branches of philosophy, is also its most elusive. Like ethics it reaches into the soul of the individual, but unlike ethics it is not associated with a socially acceptable and consistent…
In January of 1980 I was prompted to respond to the College Music Society's call for papers to be read at the annual meeting the following November. I was concerned by the way composition is taught today, or more aptly by questions of style and technique brought to me by…
My intention is to present a discussion of particular problems by which exchanges among music theorists have seemed to me inhibited in the past several decades. What I propose is a critical commentary, not in reproof but in advocacy of certain principles of community. The Society for Music Theory is…
As a performer I have always been interested in the Beethoven concertos. Recently I started exploring further into the cadenzas for these concertos, and since then I have become addicted to collecting cadenzas. Of those I have found, some are intriguing, some are strange, and some are funny. Rousseau defines…
In discussing the development of computers with the layman, terminology must be defined as it applies to the relatively new field of computer-based music instruction (CBMI). Hardware, software, courseware, and program have been used freely by those involved in the field of computer instruction, without clear definition for the outsider,…
The world of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) can appear at first to be one of complicated jargon and equipment. In response to this feeling it must be added that while getting started may be difficult, the results of CAI are extremely rewarding. The purpose of this article is to provide a…
This paper is addressed primarily to those teachers of music history and music theory who, like myself, have had no professional training in education.1 Although there is every reason to believe that learning more about music can result in better music teaching, it is also true that learning more about…
It is the author's perception that there has always been a certain eagerness among musicians to experiment with technology. The converse also holds true, as technologists historically have been intrigued with the production and modification of sound. The music box provides an early example of digital encoding of information and…
In higher education today there exists an apparent dilemma involving the role and function of the performing musician as a member of the university community. The purpose of this article is to present and explicate the problem and to suggest a way to solve it. The position taken here is…
Of the many stylistic features one associates with Brahms's music, none is more powerful than the architecture of his musical designs. Structural coherence was the genesis of his creative process, not merely the goal. The alluring idea of creative inspiration assuming precedence over the creator's conscious control was a romantic…
The program for Armenian musical studies established in 1979 at the University of Southern California organized the first Symposium on Armenian Music which was held on the University campus May 23-26, 1980. The purpose of the gathering was to explore ways in which the proposed research and study program in…
This article was co-authored by Professor Killam and her colleagues at North Texas State University: Philip Baczewski, Antoinette Corbet, Paul Edward Dworak, Jana Kubitza, Michael Morgan, and Lawrence Woodruff.   INTRODUCTION Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) in music involves a variety of research applications. Development of a viable system requires extensive research…
I am proposing a theoretical model or an implicit theory where the framework of ideas presented requires subsequent systematic refinement and formulation of model elements. In some respects this model is characterized as a conceptual model in that the various relationships between the entities of a given structure or concept…
There are a number of elements in Burmese music which indicate strong and generic links with the music of Thailand and with other Southeast Asian cultures. It is possible to argue with equal persuasiveness for the case made by the existence of strong ties with the music of India. Both…
One of the primary characteristics of disco music is its strong bass line. Many of the bass lines used in this genre have evolved from the bass lines of rock and boogie woogie music. This study will trace a basic disco bass line as it has evolved and developed from…
The majority of American music teachers belong to one or more of the many music education professional organizations that exist today. The organizations are dedicated to serving such specialized interests as elementary school music methodology, band, orchestra, and chorus leadership, and jazz teaching and performance. The major nonspecialized professional organization…
Thomas Mann's novel Doctor Faustus1 spotlights one of the most critical interfaces between traditional and new music as seen by the community of German intellectuals living in southern California in the early 1940s. Its composer/hero Adrian Leverkn, seeking a break-through in musical style, has already become a powerful figure in…
Musicians intuitively perceive much more about style analysis than they may realize. For example, experienced performer-listeners can almost infallibly recognize their favorite composers, yet only rarely can they say precisely which characteristics enable them to make the identification. The missing link here is a comprehensive framework that can provide cues…
When the authoritative work on unjustly neglected composers is written, a prominent chapter will surely have to be devoted to Victorian England's Wunderkind, Arthur Sullivan (1842-1900). Despite the fact that he is one of the very few British composers of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries whose music has proven to…
Gunther Schuller has defined third stream music as "the result of two tributaries—one from the stream of classical music and one from the stream of black music—that have recently flowed out towards each other in the space between the two, leaving the main streams undisturbed, or mostly."1 For Schuller Third…
Why should I get a doctorate? Will it assure me a job, any job? Will it ever pay off? These questions are uttered with increasing frequency these days by anxious and hopeful students in graduate music programs across the nation. Why should I get a doctorate? Is it a guarantee…