Volume 22

A conference on women in music was sponsored by the School of Music of the University of Michigan under the aegis of Professor Marilyn Mason on March 12-14, 1982. The program committee was made up of three members of the University of Michigan faculty: Joyce Conley, chair, Catherine Nadon-Gabrion and…
Each Fall since 1978 I have given a course for undergraduates entitled "Music and Drama in Opera." Because of its nontechnical orientation and its interdisciplinary approach, this course has attracted a number of students who might not otherwise have taken a course in the Music Department. While introduced to the…
Keyboard harmony is probably the most frustrating course taken by the college music major. For the beginning pianist the initial difficulty of applying theoretical concepts through the use of an unfamiliar instrument is understandable. The piano major, however, is many times equally frustrated because his use of the instrument is…
Courses in the history of women in music have become more acceptable and available in colleges and universities throughout the country, but faculty faced with teaching in this field still find that they are charting new areas. There are no precedents, no textbooks, and there are few recordings and scores…
A form which was unique when it appeared, and has remained unique ever since.1 Commentators have long noted the finale of the Eroica Symphony as having a structure both unique and unprecedented. Yet no one has presumed to suggest that the structure of this landmark composition might have been, consciously…
The systematic study of musical acoustics existed as early as the first century B.C., as documented by Vitruvius in his ten books on architecture. Great strides in understanding were achieved in the nineteenth century, especially with the work of Hermann Helmholtz. The twentieth century has spawned a near explosion in…
During the past thirty years there has been an unprecedented growth of interest in group piano instruction throughout the United States. In college piano classes, preparatory departments, and many private studios, teachers are increasingly turning to group and class work as a more efficient way to use their time, and…
Voice teachers of the College Music Society, rejoice! Your efforts, far from being lost in the cultural wilderness of middle America, are instead bearing fruit in the distant vineyards of the European opera houses. Opera is alive and well and making a living in Germany. Lest you say in return…
  Carl Nielsen, 1865-1931   Carl Nielsen's piano works span his career as a composer, beginning with the Five Piano Pieces (1890) and concluding with the Piano Music for Young and Old (1930) written less than a year before his death. Nielsen wrote five major compositions for the instrument, each…
In the Fall 1980 issue of SYMPOSIUM A. Cutler Silliman shared "Some Cautionary Words" about comprehensive musicianship. My comments are shared in the spirit of continued dialogue. THE CM CONTEXT To understand the meaning and context of comprehensive musicianship (CM) it would be helpful to know something of the history…
Systematic musicology is the study of the various systems which function in music. Although it has existed for over a hundred years as an academic discipline in Europe, it is a relatively new one in the United States. Its emergence is due in part to the growing awareness that a…
Graduate students in almost every discipline are required to do independent research within their respective fields. Undergraduates, however, are generally deemed incapable of producing consequential experimental research or scholarly papers on their own. Sometimes undergraduates who are exceptionally gifted write an "honors paper" or give evidence of unusual academic prowess…
Helmut Walcha, the great German organist, may have the distinction of knowing more music of Bach by heart than any other individual in history, including quite likely the composer himself. For Walcha, who was born in Leipzig in 1907 and has been blind since the age of 17, can boast…
INTRODUCTION It is a sobering experience to serve as the respondent to a series of articles which has "Developing Theories of Music" as its general concern. My response will not offer novel theories, but it will examine the literature in the areas of sociomusicology, psychoacoustics, and psychomusicology, and it will…
As a doctoral degree certifies (among other things) to a breadth of knowledge in the field, one requirement for the Ph.D. in music theory should be a scholarly course surveying the history of theory. To decide on this requirement, however, is easier than to decide what the course should cover.1…
Stimulation of interest in the study of music as a sensory experience has generally been attributed to Helmholtz. But the scientific and technological advances of the past two decades, coupled with concentrated research efforts by music researchers, have resulted in a small but expanding body of studies characterized by measurement…
To date there has been a dislocation between an abundant amount of research and teaching in music education. The meaning of the dislocation is to be found in the philosophical roots of experimental psychology and accepted methods of music teaching. Most music teaching is based on an image of man…
The study of music has evolved over the years into a domain with distinct divisions, each concerned with a specific perspective. Historical musicology has as its focus the sequential, chronological development of music. Ethnomusicology examines music within the cultural context in which it appears. Systematic musicology inspects the systems involved…
Charles Wakefield Cadman is best known today for his popular-style ballads which achieved a remarkable commercial success in the early decades of the twentieth century. What is less well known is that Cadman considered his primary talent to be in the field of opera and that he composed five works…
Anton Stadler was a clarinet virtuoso of Vienna and close friend of Mozart (Fig. 1).1  Figure 1. Silhouette of Anton Stadler. Courtesy of the Deutsche Staatsbibliothek, East Berlin.   Stadler and Theodor Lotz (who was Royal Instrument Maker to the Viennese court) extended the range of the clarinet down to…
Some time ago an article appeared in this journal setting forth what I knew about an instrument called the choralcelo (chor-AL-sel-lo), on which my mother had given concerts for several years after the first World War.1 It was a keyboard instrument that incorporated a piano but was more like an…
Most of us teach instinctively. We assume that if we know our material well and speak clearly we will be teaching, and learning will somehow take place. The reality is that we are probably doing rather well most of the time on a combination of trial-and-error, experience and instinct. We…
This composer's style is rooted in vocal music. He has a liking for long, lyrical lines and textures of rhythmically fluid counterpoint, the whole frequently being inspired by extra-musical conceptions. Few would recognize Elliott Carter in this description, yet it defines the core of his style. From the date of…
Domingo Marcos Durán (circa 1465 to 1530) was the first person to publish a treatise on music in the Castilian language.1 His Lux Bella, a ten-page work on musical rudiments and plainchant with a fourteen-page tonary, was printed in Seville in 1492 by the cuatro alemanes compañeros.2 On the tenth…