Volume 41

"But I don't hear it that way!" This phrase is used often by students, and on occasion by theory instructors themselves, to object to a particular analysis. When one of our colleagues uses that phrase, we expect it to be followed by an analytical interpretation different than the one s/he…
Over years of teaching pitch-class-set theory and analysis as part of undergraduate twentieth-century theory courses, I have often reflected (and heard perceptive students remark) on an apparent shortcoming of the system. At that stage of their studies, students usually have come out of several semesters of tonal theory in which,…
"You never know what is enough until you know what is more than enough." William Blake1 "You mean you can't take less," said the Hatter, "it's very easy to take more than nothing." Lewis Carroll2 ". . . the prime objective of all educational programs in music is to provide…
In an essay opening the monograph Music and American Higher Education1 Douglass Seaton discusses several issues that will have a dramatic impact on music study in colleges and universities in the United States at the start of the new millennium. The author anticipates radical changes in the make-up of the…
Pueblo Indian music has been described by the distinguished ethnomusicologist Bruno Nettl as among the most complex of all North American Indian musics.1 San Juan Pueblo traditional music is usually performed by a group of men, who sing in a low register, in unison and with no harmony. A sophisticated…
In 1843, Robert Schumann noted that his highly original if slightly bizarre piano cycles of the 1830s had not endeared him to the public or to his publishers. He regretfully conceded that the financial responsibilities of supporting a wife and family had forced him to consider not only "artistic fruits"…
I Alas, it is one thing to envision in a creative instant of inspiration and it is another to materialize one's vision by painstakingly connecting details until they fuse into a kind of organism. Alas, suppose it becomes an organism . . . and possesses some of the spontaneity of…
One mark of the rational society is its ability to learn from experience, to use hind sight as a governing check on foresight. Even if flawed, conceptualizations of the past offer incomparable perspectives on future plans. Our history is filled with commanding examples. One that comes to mind is especially…